How to grow bigger and tastier tomatoes? Whether you are a beginner or a real expert, thanks to our advice you will discover everything you need to grow flawlessly tasty tomatoes.
Often the indications given on the seed packets are useful only in the first phase of planting, but they do not reveal any of the ten-year methods verified by the best gardeners on how to actually proceed with cultivation.
For example, it is good to keep in mind a first rule: never plant tomatoes in the same place for three consecutive years.
After three years, in fact, the soil is no longer fertile and consequently, the seedlings will tend to produce fewer fruit.
Tomato cultivation is widespread, perhaps also due to the fact that, raw or cooked, these fruits can be used in a wide range of delicious dishes. In the next pages you will find out what are the 11 tricks to successfully grow your tomatoes :
1) The importance of robust roots
Making sure that the stem is well planted in depth is essential to encourage the development of the root system which will act as a support and source of nourishment for the plant. A specimen with the base well anchored to the ground will not only have a better chance of resisting bad weather but will also be facilitated in the search for nutrients.
2) Cut the lower leaves
Photosynthesis causes the plant to develop more when exposed to the sun’s rays. Once your specimen has reached 60 centimeters in height, you will have to eliminate the leaves of its lower half. By doing so, you will prevent the plant from being attacked by diseases communicable through direct contact with the soil.
3) Eliminate the sprouts
The suckers are small shoots that develop starting from the central stem and which, not producing fruits, are completely useless if not harmful as they prevent light from reaching the main parts of the plant. Their elimination is not mandatory but recommended strengthening the plant and obtain even more delicious tomatoes. Generally, this operation is carried out on a stem of at least 80 centimeters.
A very important trick for the success of tomatoes is mulching. The straw helps to maintain the moisture of the earth, maintaining a constant temperature and protecting the plant from disease. By spreading a little straw at the foot of your plant, it will develop healthy roots; in addition, you will avoid direct contact with the soil, often the site of harmful substances.
5) Copper against harmful insects
Snail and slime are the real enemies of your tomatoes. To defend them from their presence, you can use copper tapes or pipes, which act as chemical repellents. However, this is not to be considered the best solution since copper also removes insects useful for the correct life cycle of the plant. On the contrary, you may be moving towards an original use of beer.
6) The precious help of the guardian
To prevent your tomato plants (which once grown can be heavy!) From falling or breaking on a strong wind day, it is advisable to apply a brace that supports and reinforces their stem. This little foresight will also favor an accurate circulation of the lymph as well as a correct development of the stem.
7) To each his own space
The ideal distance between one plant and another should vary between 60 and 90 centimeters. In the case of specimens too close to each other, the amount of light (especially in the lower parts) would have difficulty filtering and this would cause difficulties in the photosynthesis process, as well as preventing adequate root development.
8) Magnesium sulfate
Magnesium sulfate, also known as “English salt” or ” Epsom Salt “, is a valid aid to prevent yellowing of the leaves and to strengthen the stem. You can put it directly on the ground during the planting phase, adding a spoonful of this product in every hole you make. There is also another method of enriching the soil with magnesium: every two or three weeks mix a teaspoon of this salt in three liters of water, with which you will then water your plants.
9) Check the watering
The watering of tomatoes is not done haphazardly. First of all, to avoid the spread of diseases, it is necessary to proceed from the bottom. Watering should also be done slowly, so as to allow water to penetrate the soil and reach the roots a little at a time. At the end of the operation, the moist soil layer should be at least 15 centimeters.
10) The calendula and the carnation of India
Growing marigold or carnation next to tomatoes will keep nematodes at a safe distance, preventing them from deforming the stem, roots, and fruits of your plants. Nematodes cause diseases and make the circulation of nutrients difficult within the plant. The smell and shape of calendula and carnation will prove to be valuable allies to repel these unwelcome guests.
Garlic, if planted near your plants, will also have an effect. In addition to giving tomatoes a particular taste, it will reduce the number of parasitic mushrooms. Alternatively, you can also crush a few segments in three liters of water, with which you will then water your plants.